Along with many Christians, I find it difficult to maintain any sort of disciplined study of the Bible. I let the details of my life take priority over the health of my soul. A while back, I started writing down the thoughts I had as I read my Bible. In an effort to have some accountability to continue reading, I posted a few of these writings on a social media site. I stopped though because I felt that the posts were longer than that venue was truly meant to support. Since then, I have been asked by by several different people to start sharing those thoughts again. This blog is my answer to those requests. I do not profess to be a Biblical expert. I do not pretend that I am always correct in my interpretations. As I read the Bible, thoughts and questions occur to me. I write them down. If they bless anyone else, if they play a role in drawing anyone else closer to God, then I praise Him for allowing me to be a part of such wondrous things.
If you picked up a mystery you didn’t know and only read the last chapter, could you still claim to understand it? You would know who did it but you wouldn’t really know the story. You wouldn’t understand what happened and you certainly could never claim to be a scholar in reference to that book. So, why do we try doing just that with the Bible? I don’t know about you, but I’ve talked to a bunch of Christians who totally ignore the Old Testament. Their reasons always seem to be something along the lines of “It’s too hard to understand,” “I just can’t get into it,” or “It’s just so boring.” Usually, it’s some combination of all three of these quickly followed by “Well, it doesn’t really matter. Jesus made all those commands irrelevant anyway. Right?” No, he really didn’t.
I’m certainly a long way from being an Old Testament expert and there are parts of it that I don’t particularly enjoy reading (Leviticus, for instance). However, I’ve never understood how people can believe understanding the New Testament is possible without understanding the Old Testament. I don’t just mean the historical events. As important as the history is, the commandments and principles established during Old Testament times are still vital today.
Does that mean we should be following all the sacrificial rites and things like that? Of course not. For one, Jesus says himself that he fulfilled the law. No animal sacrifice is needed when God has already eternally paid the price for sin. But Jesus also said the we should still follow the scripture (news flash: he meant what we call the Old Testament). God was always clear to his followers about why they were to do certain things. A lot of the commands we think are strange now were all about making sure other nations knew that Israel was different, set apart. That underlying principle is still true of Christians who are not also Jewish. The world should still be able to tell something is different about us and that difference should point them to God.
So, what about all those other commands that didn’t have to do specifically with the Israelite nation? Jesus didn’t give us any wiggle room here. He very clearly states that his coming didn’t change a single one of them. Jesus didn’t come to make everything acceptable. Sin still exists. God still abhors sin. What Jesus did was make a way for sinful people to enter into the presence of our Holy God. Just because we find the Old Testament hard, doesn’t mean we can ignore it. The events and commands found in the Old Testament are the beginnings of the whole story about God and us. They are the foundation, the framework, that makes sense of all of it. In these verses, Jesus makes it clear just how perilous it is to act like any part of it doesn’t still apply. Read the whole Bible. If you start at the beginning, you’ll find some amazing truths. The Bible truly is a single story, one long message, a single love letter from God to us.
I was planning to start this post off with a few scientific facts about how far away light can be seen. I quickly found out that seemingly simply detail actually involves more factors than my brain wanted to process. So, instead, I’ll settle for some more general facts that I don’t need a physics degree to understand. First, you don’t need a single big source to light a place up. A bunch of small lights do the job just fine (sometimes better). Second, even a small light can be seen from a great distance away. And third, the darker it is, the brighter a light will seem. Why did I pick these things to point out? Simple. I’ve heard a lot of things from Christians that are in direct opposition to the message in these verses and these facts nicely counteract them.
Jesus called his followers “the light of the world” then very quickly told them what not to do with that light. He tells us not to hide it. What do we do? Hide it. We excuse our actions, of course. We can’t talk about the Gospel because we haven’t studied enough theology. We can’t invite people to church because we don’t want to offend anyone. We can’t help someone in need because we have to be somewhere else. (But, hey, we’ll donate some money later. That’s just as good, right?) We can’t babysit for the neighbor who wants to sit with her spouse at the hospital because we have choir practice. We have tons of excuses and try to cover our glaring deficiencies by making sure we show up to church on time and often. We’re good at lying to ourselves.
So, why don’t we let our light shine before the world as Jesus says we should? Some of us just don’t want to. It’s fine to call yourself a Christian so long as being one doesn’t cause any inconvenience. Those are not the people I want to address here. God will sort you out later. The ones I think Jesus is talking to when he says not to hide your light under a bush are the ones who are true followers but are scared — scared to be though weird, scared to be ridiculed, and most of all, scared to found inadequate for the task. For some reason we believe we have to be Super Christian before we can do anything, that we have to achieve mighty things before they matter, that we have to be perfect before we can be a successful witness for Christ. None of that is true. The truth is quite the opposite, in fact.
God doesn’t look for strobe lights to get people’s attention. He created the universe. He’s perfectly capable of achieving whatever He wants without our help. The relationship He desires with His creation, however, means He wants to use us. He WANTS our involvement. He wants US. If the job is too big for your small light, show up anyway. You can bet He’ll have brought in enough other small lights to get the job done. If you feel like your all alone in the darkness then maybe that’s because the one God means to see your light is too far off to see it unless it’s pitch black. We’ve all seen the birthday pictures where the only light is from the tiny birthday candles. I’ve never had a problem seeing the face of the one celebrating the birthday. Have you?
You don’t have to be a spot light. To be honest, I’ve never liked spot lights. They’re too jarring and blinding and hot. Birthday candles, on the other hand… Those I like. And when you have a bunch of them, you can see just fine. So, if you don’t think you can be a bonfire or a torch or even a flashlight, just be the best birthday candle that you can possibly be. That’s all that God wants. You are different from the world because of the God you serve. It is His light we are reflecting into the world. That is our job. It’s time for us to start doing it.
I thought I was going to be able to tackle a whole chunk of verses in this post or at least more than one verse. I was all set to combine the salt of the earth and the light of the world and maybe even the fulfillment of the law into one magnificently inspiring post. (Hey. I can dream.) I’m not sure why I thought I could do that since it took me 7 posts just to get through the beatitudes. Nevertheless, I was prepared to hit all those familiar points and move on. Then that question that wouldn’t go away hit.
I began exploring this verse the way everyone else does. I thought about what salt does and how important it was in the past. Salt’s main functions are food preservation and flavor enhancement. So, as the salt of the earth, Christians keep the world from rotting and make it more palatable.”Yeah, us!” I thought. That’s when it started. I realized I was only addressing 7 words out of approximately 35 in the verse. I wasn’t thinking about 4/5 of the verse.
Ignoring 80% of the verse just isn’t acceptable so I read the whole thing I don’t know how many times. I found that Jesus spent most of the verse talking about how worthless salt is when it loses its saltiness. As I started pondering how that affected the metaphor, I was slapped in the face by a seemingly mundane question. How does salt lose it’s saltiness anyway? At first I assumed it assumed it must be a matter of salt being contaminated with some kind of impurity. Try as I might to work with that, I just wasn’t satisfied with guessing. So I applied the default research strategy of our time. … Yep. I googled it.
It turns out that the impurity concept does have some validity, especially in light of the salt-gathering processes of ancient times. Salt back then was definitely not the same substance we put in our salt shakers. In fact, the salt did not need to be contaminated at all since it was already mixed with other things. The more profound revelation I discovered was the fact that, in these salt mixtures, the sodium chloride can “disappear” when exposed to moisture, leaving behind a substance that still looks like salt but doesn’t actually contain any. This greatly expands the meaning of the verse for me.
Jesus isn’t just metaphorically describing Christians. He’s issuing a warning. There are many people who wear the label of Christians that don’t have the faith to actually be Christians. They may look good, maybe say and do the “right” things but they possess no power to truly affect the world. They are worthless when it comes to furthering the gospel. So this verse is basically saying that it doesn’t matter if you outwardly look correct if you aren’t made of the right substance. If you aren’t full of faith and true belief in Christ, then you are worthless to Him.
Three things struck me when I read this final part of the Beatitudes. First, people who want to dismiss Jesus as nothing more than a good teacher will have to ignore verses 11 and 12. Verse 10 talks about those persecuted for the sake of righteousness. The next verse clearly connects that idea directly to Jesus. The persecution is on account of Jesus. So, Jesus is equating himself with righteousness. Verse 12 connects Jesus’ disciples with the Old Testament prophets which means Jesus is equating himself with God. This passage is one of many that make it impossible to so easily dismiss Jesus. He just didn’t leave that as an option.
The second thing was really a baffled question. Why are so many American Christians surprised when their faith makes people mad at them? Jesus clearly states here and in other verses that, if you are truly living for him, the world will retaliate. However much we may wish it otherwise, we do not live in a Christian world. To further compound that problem, if we are truly living as God calls us to live, we are fundamentally different from the rest of the world. And, despite all the lip service given to tolerance, the world does not respond kindly to differences.
The third thing that struck me was that the “reward” for persecution is the same as for being poor in spirit. The last beatitude loops back to the first. Is this a rhetorical device used to tie things up? Perhaps it is but it is meaningful nonetheless. We aren’t meant to view the Beatitudes as a disjointed list or a menu to choose from. They are a single unit, a description of what ALL Christians are supposed to be. Taken together, these verses show what God wants us to grow to be, the way He wants us to react to the world He sends us into. It would be a daunting prospect except all we have to do is follow Jesus. God will take care of the rest. In such infinitely capable hands, blessed are we indeed.
What is a peacemaker? A literal definition would be “one who makes peace.” While this is certainly correct it’s one of those totally unhelpful definitions found in more annoying dictionaries. “Making peace” implies the establishment of a state free from strife. So does that mean peacemakers avoid conflict and seek to not rock the proverbial boat? I know several people who ascribe to this definition but I have never understood why they think avoiding issues is peaceful. In my experience all it does is cause pain and resentment to fester under the surface. At best it creates a false image of peace, one that is rapidly torn to shreds when the buried negativity finally busts out. The aftermath is usually ugly and incredibly difficult, if not impossible, to overcome.
What, then, does it mean to “make peace”? True peacemakers do not avoid conflict. Instead, they seek to resolve it, to turn arguments into conversations, to change animosity into cooperation. None of that is simple. It takes someone with a true gift from God to achieve such things. Peacemakers need a deep understanding of people’s hearts and an ability to put things in perspective. Establishing peace doesn’t mean eliminating disagreement. It means establishing an environment (external and internal) where disagreements and differences don’t result in anger, fights, and hatred. Free will and varying personalities ensure that problems will arise but that doesn’t mean we can’t live together peacefully. That’s the way God intended humanity to live in the first place before our own sin messed everything up. Peacemakers bring about this intended state, if only partially. That’s why this beatitude calls them the children of God: they work to restore what their Father originally created.
When I hear the term “pure in heart” I think of innocence and sweet little children. Someone who has a pure heart is a loving person whose motivations are totally good, someone who sees the world from a simple, honest perspective. That’s what Jesus meant, right? I actually think he meant a great deal more than that, largely because of how people viewed the heart thousands of years ago. In our culture, the heart is unquestionably linked to emotion. While this is a holdover from ancient beliefs, ancients placed even more importance on the heart. For the most part, the brain was ignored. The heart was considered the seat of intelligence as well as emotion. The two were not considered totally separate. As I thought about that idea, I found that the ancients were correct. Even though they attributed them to the wrong organ, these ancient people understood something we have lost sight of. With all our emphasis on science and reason, we have somehow come to believe that thought and emotion operate apart from each other. While the two aren’t identical, they are inextricably linked. If I’m sad, my thoughts tend to be darker. If I’m thinking of things that amuse me, my mood improves. If I think something is wrong, I will feel angry when I see it. If I have convinced myself a sin is “not that bad,” then I won’t feel guilty about it (at least until God readjusts my thinking).
So, what is Jesus actually talking about in this beatitude? What is it he is saying I should be? I think being pure in heart is another one of those seemingly impossible tasks because it means my thoughts and emotions are holy, all the time. I’m not talking about just at church or Bible study but also at work and when someone cuts me off in traffic. I don’t know about other people, but I’m not anywhere near that level of holy. Thoughts come into my head that have no business being there. I get ticked off over little things. There was a time in my life when I thought I was doing good simply because I usually didn’t act on those thoughts and feelings. God didn’t allow me to keep that delusion for long. The Pharisees could lay claim to correct action but Jesus rebuked them often for their internal thoughts and feelings. So, how do I become pure in mind and emotion? I can’t stop thoughts from popping into my mind but I don’t have to let them linger. I can’t control my initial emotional reactions to every situation but I don’t have to let them fester. Is that enough to be pure in heart? Though it is necessary, I don’t think even that discipline is enough to qualify. Why? Because I am not holy in my own right and those are actions that stem from me. The only way I can be pure is to be purified from an outside source. In other words, I can’t be pure unless God makes me pure. If I place my focus on Him, His purity will cleanse my impurity, allowing me to see Him more clearly until I can indeed see his face. “For they will see God” is not just the reward for having a pure heart; it is the natural result of it.
Mercy seems like an obvious trait for someone to desire. After all, we always want to be shown mercy from those in power over us. When mercy is actually shown, however, we often think less if that power. We think that person is too soft for the position or too weak to enforce the rules. We consider them suckers and fools, gullible and weak-minded. Some people have “Show no mercy” as their life motto, even going so far as tattooing such prominently on their bodies. This view is even held by many Christians, at least until they talk about God. Then, they say mercy is a good thing. I’m never sure that they mean it though, that they don’t still view mercy as a weakness even in God. This negative view of mercy originates in humanity’s deep-seated arrogance. We desire to feel powerful so we twist our perception of mercy as something we have done. We want to believe that we have pulled one over on authority, manipulated the situation somehow. That way we don’t have to admit our own weakness.
This perception tragically prevents us from seeing the strength mercy requires.Punishing someone is easy. Letting someone face the “natural consequences” of his/her actions is easy. Strictly enforcing enforcing the rules is easy. Showing passion and forgiveness takes true strength because people often view those merciful acts as freebies instead of opportunities to change that they really are. God bestows mercy to give us the chance to grow. It is an act of love. Let’s face it. In many ways, it would be simpler for God to just wipe us out. Humanity is, after all, an awful lot of trouble. Instead, God’s love gives us those second chances we so desperately need. This beatitude is pointing out the obvious: If God shows us mercy, we can do no less for our fellow man.
The fourth beatitude involves those who hunger and thirst for righteousness. I thought this one was pretty straightforward until I started thinking about definitions. Jesus isn’t just saying that this is a good thing. He clearly identifies a desire for righteousness as a vital need for our survival. How does he do that? By the imagery he uses to describe it. He doesn’t use words like seek or want. He uses the words hunger and thirst, words that identify the two most basic needs for physical survival—food and water. What does this comparison mean? It seems to me that Jesus is saying righteousness is a basic survival need as well for he is praising the fervent pursuit of it, a desperation for it.
That leads to another question. What is righteousness? The definitions I explored all boiled down to either “following divine law” or “free from guilt and sin” which, in a practical sense, come down to the same thing really, something the Bible says no human is capable of doing: being perfect and blameless. So, why is Jesus presenting us with an impossible task? Simple. It isn’t impossible for God. The only source of righteousness is God Himself. To truly pursue it is to pursue God. To hunger and thirst for it is to hunger and thirst for God. In doing so we desperately seek to become who God alone can make us, to become who God always intended us to be. Can we ever be righteous in our own right? Of course not. But, we don’t have to be. The only righteousness that matters is that which Christ granted us through his death and resurrection. Jesus is not extolling the obtainment of righteousness, only the hunger and thirst for it, that desperate hunger and thirst for the presence of God. The best part of this beatitude is that it guarantees our success. Our hunger and thirst will be satisfied.
Next up in the traits of people Jesus called blessed are those that mourn. Wait. What? People who mourn have suffered loss. They are in pain. God wants this for us? Surely not. If we’re honest with ourselves, we don’t even want to be around people who are mourning. It makes us uncomfortable. We don’t know what to say or do most of the time. You can’t fix grief so being around it makes us feel helpless and we don’t like that. So, initially we surround the mourners but quickly go our own way. Do we really think mourning ends a week or two later? Of course not, but those who mourn are usually left alone to figure out how to keep going. Why, then, does Jesus call those who mourn blessed? Their reward seems obvious: comfort from the only One capable of comforting wounds that go soul-deep. But, what about them makes them blessed? I’ll admit that I’m not entirely sure; however, it seems to me that the defining characteristic isn’t that they are mourning but that they are capable of mourning. People who mourn are people who love, truly and deeply. The suffering is not what we should aspire to do. We are not called to weep and wail in some great show or to make the suffering the new idol of our lives. We are called to love though with such depth that loss will be unavoidably painful. If it isn’t, we didn’t really love.
Third on the list is meekness. The image that comes to mind when most of us hear someone described as meek is a shy, painfully quiet mouse of a person who lacks the backbone to stand up for himself or herself. We perceive the meek as people who will always be trampled on, taken advantage of, and shoved to the side by people strong enough to take charge. All this may be what the word brings to life in our head but it is not what it truly means. A meek person is calm and patient, not inclined to be angry or resentful. Think about what it takes to stay calm when everything around you is in chaos, to be patient when nothing is going the way you think it should. Doing that takes an unmeasurable degree of strength. Becoming angry and resentful may be the more common reaction but it is the easier one. Being truly meek requires a strength of character that can only come from God. It is no wonder that such people inherit the earth. They are the only ones strong enough to handle it.